Sun Tzu

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Sun Wu , style name Changqing (長卿), better known as Sun Tzu or Sunzi, was an ancient Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher from the Zhou Dynasty. He is traditionally believed to be the author of The Art of War, an extremely influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy. Sun Tzu has had a significant impact on Chinese and Asian history and culture, both as an author of The Art of War and through legend.

The legend goes that Sun Tzu was born into minor nobility in what is now Shandong, a part of China north of Shanghai that became famous for Confucius and the really tasty Shandong Chicken.  Born “Sun Wu”, he was given a good education and like Machiavelli, he wrote a military treatise in order to get noticed and hired by royalty.  Unlike Machiavelli, it worked.

Sun Wu expanded his 13 chapter Art of War into 82 chapters and trained the army.  Eventually he broke the peace by invading the southern state of Yue.  Other conflicts ensured but although his troops were once outnumbered 30,000 to 200,000 he was always victorious.  Many successes followed and continued after his death.  Some considered his death to be another of his deceptions.

References:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Tzu
http://www.artofwar.net/china/suntzu.htm

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