Socrates,  c. 469 BC – 399 BC) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato’s dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.

469 BC
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
Died: 399 BC
Location of death: Athens, Greece
Cause of death: Suicide

Gender: Male
Religion: Cult
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Philosopher

Nationality: Ancient Greece
Executive summary: Developer of the Socratic Method

Military service: Athenian Army

[1] Occasionally a claim is made by Afrocentric thinkers that Socrates is black. Absolutely no evidence exists that Socrates had anything other than local Athenian ancestry. In addition to the lack of basis, the mere fact that such a prominent figure was not subject to lampooning by his contemporaries due to his ancestry (which he would be, had he African ancestors) is most telling. For an extended discussion on this particular revisionism, see Mary Lefkowitz, Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History (1997), pages 26-30.

Father: Sophroniscus (sculptor)
Mother: Phaenarete (midwife)
Wife: Xanthippe
Wife: Myrto
Son: Lamprocles (by Xanthippe)
Son: Sophroniscus (by Myrto)
Son: Menexenus (by Myrto)

    Heresy (impiety) convicted, sentenced to death
Asteroid Namesake 5450 Sokrates

Is the subject of books:
Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher, 1991, BY: Gregory Vlastos
Socratic Studies, 1994, BY: Gregory Vlastos
The Philosophy of Socrates, 2000, BY: Thomas C. Brickhouse and Nicholas D. Smith


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