Myoma U Than Kywe

Myoma U Than Kywe
Myoma U Than Kywe (Panglong Agreement)

He was born Thongwa Township in Rangoon 1924.He was a sacrificed politician of Burma Independence. It was during the Second World War that Myoma U Than Kywe’s life as a high minded politician started. He is an educated from the Rangoon University. He was about 20 years old in 1944 and modest.

He became “Thakin Than Kywe”. (Thakin mean is Lord or Master which is a politically motivated title that proclaimed that the Burmese people were the true masters of their country, not the colonial rulers who had usurped the title for their exclusive use) when he joined the Do bama Asiayone (Our Burma Union), and acted as their member.

He was a colleague of National Leader General Aung San. He was a colleague of first Prime Minister U Nu and Second Prime Minister U Ba Swe, etc since 1938. He became a leader to the panglong Conference negotiated with General Aung San and other top leaders in 1947.All these leaders decided to join together to form the Union of Burma. Union day celebration is one of the greatest in the history of Burma. General Aung San was a father of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. She is a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and Leader of the Burmese Opposition, the National League for Democracy.

He became School Master of the Asia Youth Asiayone (1942-1945). He was elected President of the All Burma Students Union, vice president of the All Burma students Union, Vice President of the Rangoon University Students Union, President of the All Rangoon Students Union and President of the Rangoon Myoma National High School Students Union from 1946 to 1948. He was elected to above positions by the Unanimous votes of his colleagues and all students in Burma. Myoma U Than Kywe led the ceremony of the First Burmese Martyrs’ Day on July 20, 1947 in Rangoon.

He became C.E.C member and General Secretary and President of the State Economic and Trade Council (1948-1963). He became Junior Leader of Burma Independence Army and member and C.E.C member of Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League and (1942-1963). He was elected head of department and chairman of the Rangoon Municipal Council (since 1953). He became an executive member of the Governing council of the Rangoon Myoma National High School (1948-1964).

We are very fortunate to have met our master Myoma U Than Kywe. He has influenced us very greatly. He speaks clearly and wisely with a commanding voice. He is kind, good-natured and helpful. He gives reasons when we admonish pupils. He always encourages us to work hard and honest. He maintained good character, good discipline and sobriety. He was a teetotaler, a wealthy person. His parents are Land owners in Burma. Due to his guidance and encouragement, we improve our education and politics a good deal.

He would tell us the rise and fall of great Burmese kings. He also told us splendour of our ancient kingdoms. He inspired us to love our country, our people and our culture.

He teaches us not only politics and education but also about Burmese self defence, good discipline humility, honesty, bravery, civics duty, sociology, patriotism and basic democracy. He told us that to maintain good discipline means to be polite and to have consideration for others. With good discipline we will become good citizens and succeed in life. He also emphasizes the importance of morality. He points out that morality is more valuable than wealth and health. It is indeed our more precious possession. The best morality is to do good, to avoid all evil and to keep our mind pure. He says that it is good to be humble and modest. Pride and vanity will bring a fall. Truth is noble and honesty is the best policy.

We are very much impressed by his guidance and good behaviour. He teaches us not only by precepts but also by examples. And example is always better than precept. He always disliked hypocrisy, bureaucracy, inhumanity, tyrannical government, facism, colonialism, anarchism, malevolence and terrorism. He has influenced us to walk on the right path to success and happiness and struggle for Burmese independence.

He said us: “Do not defile your mind and good character in any way…….Never lower your pure mind and good character and excellent effort in any occasion……Do your part to build a happy family…. Do your part to build a happy group………. Do your part to build a happy association……… Do your part to build a happy country……….Seek to be a peacemaker rather than to tease, fight and quarrel……..you have the ability to choose righteousness and truth, no matter what your circumstances………Do not idle away your time……..Be willing to work hard for yourself and other…….Choose to do many good things of your own free will…….I want to have a mind of gratitude in all you do and say…….You must maintain an enthusiasm for learning in education throughout your life……Young men motto is stand for truth, righteousness, efficiency, courage and courtesy…….Do not participate at any crime and all evil………Be honest with yourself, others and your country”.

He said us:

  1. Love is better than fighting
  2. Tolerance is better than fighting
  3. Friendship is better than fighting
  4. Forgiveness is better than fighting
  5. Smile is better than fighting
  6. Humility is better than fighting
  7. Peace is better than fighting
  8. Kindness is better than fighting
  9. Negotiation is better than fighting
  10. Compromise is better than fightin
  11. Boycott is better than fighting
  12. Fighting is better than surrender

Myoma U Than Kywe (Thakin Than Kywe) often told us the following “Than-pauk”, a kind of significant verse between 1940 and 1948.

  • Love your parents, the benefactors
  • Treat others like your blood brothers and sisters.
  • On dealing with others, manners and etiquette shall be cultured.
  • Husband and wife shall love mutually for life.
  • Friends must be faithful to one another.
  • Moral and morality shall be observed.
  • All creatures shall be treated with love.
  • Learn education and acquire skills and build up character.
  • Do for the good of the public.
  • All laws shall be abide by.
  • On facing critical times for the nation, take risk

When he died at the age of 59, on 22nd Sep 1983 in Rangoon (Yangon), he left wife Daw Myint Myint Win (a) Daw Ahmar and daughter Daw Khin Mar Kywe, son U Htay Kywe, daughter Daw Mya Mya Than and son Myoma Myint Kywe. He and his brothers and sister U Maung Maung, Thakin Thein Tun, Daw Nyunt Khin, U Myo Myint and U Myo Thant were already well known in the Burmese resistance movement post second world war.

He was well known as a good master and as a venerated politician in Burma. So we bow our heads to him because of he kept his promise and integrity to people and country forever. He said us: “Until I die, I shall not take away my integrity”. He always had been strongly on the side of non-violence.

References:

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