Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
Executive summary: Burmese activist, Nobel Prize recipient
Father: U Aung San (Prime Minister of Burma, d. assassination)
Mother: Ma Khin Kyi (“Daw Khin Kyi”, d. 27-Dec-1988)
Brother: Aung San Oo (older)
Brother: (d. 1945 drowning)
Husband: Michael Aris (m. 1-Jan-1972, d. 27-Mar-1999 prostate cancer)
Son: Alexander (b. 1973)
Son: Kim (b. 1977)
High School: New Delhi, India
University: Lady Shri Ram College, New Delhi
University: University of Delhi
University: BA Philosophy, Oxford University (1967)
Scholar: Kyoto University (1985-86)
University: London School of Oriental and African Studies
House Arrest (31-May-2003 to 13-Nov-2010)
House Arrest (Sep-2000 to 6-May-2002)
House Arrest (20-Jul-1989 to 10-Jul-1995)
Nobel Peace Prize 1991
Sakharov Prize 1990
Thorolf Rafto Memorial Prize 1990
Hague Appeal for Peace Honorary Committee
Aung San Suu Kyi; born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma. In the 1990 general election, the NLD won 59% of the national votes and 81% (392 of 485) of the seats in Parliament.She had, however, already been detained under house arrest before the elections. She remained under house arrest in Burma for almost 15 of the 21 years from 20 July 1989 until her most recent release on 13 November 2010, becoming one of the world’s most prominent political prisoners.
Aung San Suu Kyi’s father, formerly the de facto prime minister of British Burma, was assassinated in 1947. Her mother, Khin Kyi, was appointed ambassador to India in 1960. Suu Kyi obtained a bachelor’s degree from the University of Oxford in 1969, and in 1972, she married. She had two children—in 1973 and 1977—and the family spent the 1970s and 1980s in England, the United States and India.
In 1988, Suu Kyi returned to Burma to care for her dying mother, and her life took a dramatic turn.
Periods under detention
- 20 July 1989: Placed under house arrest in Rangoon under martial law that allows for detention without charge or trial for three years.
- 10 July 1995: Released from house arrest.
- 23 September 2000: Placed under house arrest.
- 6 May 2002: Released after 19 months.
- 30 May 2003: Arrested following the Depayin massacre, she was held in secret detention for more than three months before being returned to house arrest.
- 25 May 2007: House arrest extended by one year despite a direct appeal from U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan to General Than Shwe.
- 24 October 2007: Reached 12 years under house arrest, solidarity protests held at 12 cities around the world.
- 27 May 2008: House arrest extended for another year, which is illegal under both international law and Burma’s own law.
- 11 August 2009: House arrest extended for 18 more months because of “violation” arising from the May 2009 trespass incident.
- 13 November 2010: Released from house arrest.
FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR
Burma VJ: Reporting from a Closed Country (12-Nov-2008) · Herself